Ice hockey is a sport full of strength and speed in which 2 teams each consisting of 6 players skate on the ice rink. The goal of the athlete is to shoot the puck—a small, hard, rubber disc-shaped ball 1 inch (2.5 cm) thick and 3 inches (7.6 cm) in diameter—into the opponent’s goal or net. Pucks weigh between 5 1/2 to 6 ounces (156 to 170 grams). Ice hockey players usually use long clubs. The ice hockey presented here should more accurately be called ice hockey, to distinguish it from grass hockey played on grass.

Ice hockey originated in Canada in the mid-19th century. Ice hockey is very popular in Canada and is also very popular in the United States, where the NHL (National Hockey League) is one of the four major professional sports leagues in the United States. In the early 20th century, ice hockey became a national sport in Canada. In Europe, the most enthusiastic countries for the sport are the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Finland, Russia and Sweden. Ice hockey has been part of the Winter Olympics since 1920.

Ice hockey is still an unfamiliar sport in our country, so the following introduction to the rules of ice hockey does not seek to “get to the bottom of things”, but seeks to be “simple and straightforward” to facilitate the entry of “laymen”.


In ice hockey, like in soccer, a goal is scored for a goal, and the team with the highest score at the end of the game wins.

game time

The ice hockey game is 60 minutes long, divided into three rounds, each round of 20 minutes, with a 15-minute break between rounds; if the two sides are tied, it will enter overtime and use the “golden ball to win”; the overtime of the NHL playoffs There is no time limit, until the “Golden Ball” is generated, the game can end.


Each team can have 20 players per game, and there are 6 players playing at the same time, including a goalkeeper; in overtime, each team needs one player less, that is, 5 to 5. #Player position introduction#


Due to the fast sliding speed of ice hockey players, open rules, intense collisions, and great physical exertion, usually a player will be replaced and rested after fighting for 30 to 120 seconds on the field. Substitutions in ice hockey games can be made at any time, and there is no limit on the number of substitutions. As long as the off-court player leaves the ice surface and the playing area, the replaced player can play.


There are 3 referees on the field for each game, and they also wear hockey knives and slide like the players. They all wear black and white striped shirts and black trousers. One of them is the referee with red armbands on both arms. He is mainly responsible for punishing foul players, scoring goals or not, and is responsible for managing the entire game. The other two, called sideline umpires, are mainly responsible for judging “offsides”, “bottom balls”, and all scrimmages except the kick-off, and assisting the umpires in their work. There are also 1 timekeeper, 2 penalty clerks, 2 goalkeepers, 3 recorders, and 1 announcer working off the field.


The rules of the ice hockey game are very open, the collision scene is staged all the time, and even in the NHL game, players from both sides are allowed to fight one-on-one; but there are still some rules that players must abide by: no hitting with a hockey stick, poking with a hockey stick, and a hilt with a pestle. People, pushing people with bars, hooking people, hugging people, tripping people, hitting people with knees or elbows, kicking people, insulting opponents or interfering with opponents, interfering with referees, etc. Goal, intentionally shooting the ball out of bounds, too many people on the field, hitting the ball with a high shot, throwing the club, etc. According to the nature and degree of the foul, the offenders will be given a small penalty, a small penalty for the team, a major penalty, violation of discipline, and cancellation of the game. Eligibility, penalty free kicks, etc.


Minor Penalty: The fouled player will be punished for 2 minutes from leaving the field to the penalty box, and the team will not be allowed to add players during this time.

Team Minor Penalty: The fouling team sends a player to the penalty box to be punished for 2 minutes. No additional players are allowed on the field during this time.

Heavy Penalty: The fouled player will be punished for 5 minutes from leaving the field to the penalty box, and the team will not be allowed to add players during this time.

Violation of Discipline: The offending player will be punished for 10 minutes from leaving the field to the penalty box, and the team can immediately add players to the field.

Disqualification of the game: The fouled player leaves the field to the locker room and is disqualified from the game and the next game. The team can add players after 5 minutes on the field.

Free kick: A player of the non-offending team makes a single attack on the opposing goalkeeper without any interference, similar to a penalty kick in football.

Rule Difficulty 1: Offside

The blue line is the “offside line”. See the diagram on the left. The red line divides the court into two halves. Each half has a blue line. If the attacker attacks from left to right, the ball is crossing the blue line in the opponent’s half. At this moment, the referee will observe the players within the blue line. If an offensive and defensive player crosses the blue line before the ball, it is considered offside; simply put, ice hockey offside is very similar to football offside, and the blue line can be regarded as the last defensive player. , it is easy to understand.

Rule Difficulty 1: Icing

In football games, defensive players have a saying of “big-foot clearance”, the purpose is to kick the ball far out of the team’s defensive area to defuse the crisis; but in ice hockey, “big-arm clearance” is likely to be considered a violation.

In an ice hockey game, if the defender fails to bring the ball over the red line and hits the ball into the opponent’s floor area in his own half, the referee will blow the whistle, stop the game, and bring the ball back to the defender’s penalty area for the scrimmage. This is called “bottom ball”, or “clearance violation”. This move is mainly set up for the benefit of the offense and does not allow the defensive player to easily clear the siege.

In the Olympic Games and international competitions, as long as the ball hits the floor area, the referee can whistle the “floor ball”. The NHL rules are slightly different: after the defense hits the ball in the floor area, the first player to touch the ball must be the opponent’s player, and the referee will call the “floor ball”. This is because if the first player touches the ball, this situation can be understood as a “long pass” rather than a “big arm clearance”. “Bottom ball” is a relatively complex rule, and the referee can decide whether to whistle or not depending on various situations; for example, when making a clearance, the ball flies directly to the goal (which can be understood as a long-range shot), and when the ball hits the opponent’s player, the clearance is made. The speed of the ball is too slow and the opponent must have time to chase but deliberately let the ball enter the floor area. In these cases, the referee may not give a whistle.

One last point to note: if the number of players on the field of the defending team is less than the opponent’s, the defending team has no “bottom ball” restrictions, and can safely “clear the siege with big arms”, but the “bottom ball” is still valid for the side with the dominant number of players. .

The above is a brief introduction to the rules of ice hockey. If you want to have a deeper understanding of the details of the rules of ice hockey, you can’t talk about it on paper. Interested friends need to have an in-depth understanding of the wonderful game.

Similar Posts